Around 4.5 billion years ago Planet Earth is formed. 3.8 billion years ago organisms emerge and thus, biology is born. Then 2.5 million years ago Humans evolve in Africa and the first stone tools appear. 5 million years afterwards, different human species evolve. Only 200.000 years ago Homo Sapiens evolved in East Africa.
Merely 30.000 years ago Neanderthals went extinct and 13.000 years ago Homo Sapiens became the only remaining human species after Homo floresiensis became extinct.
And the Internet is only about 30 years old.
"Seventy thousand years ago, there were at least six different human species on earth. They were insignificant animals, whose ecological impact was less than that of fireflies or jellyfish. Today, there is only one human species left: Us. Homo sapiens. But we rule this planet."
Yuval Noah Harari is a historian, philosopher, and the bestselling author of Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow, and 21 Lessons for the 21st Century. Prof. Harari originally specialized in world history, medieval history and military history. His current research focuses on macro-historical questions such as: What is the relationship between history and biology? What is the essential difference between Homo sapiens and other animals? Is there justice in history? Does history have a direction? Did people become happier as history unfolded? What ethical questions do science and technology raise in the 21st century?
Each and every chapter of this book made me question the status quo of things and how I was both living my life and thinking about many different things. It's one of those book that are a total game changer for the way you see and process life.
What I liked the most was how ideas were presented objectively and with skepticism, which leaves the reader to form his own thoughts instead of being force fed truth. In a few weeks I'll probably remember very little about this book but it's definitely made an impact on me that will remain for years to come.
"When Charles Darwin indicated that Homo sapiens was just another kind of animal, people were outraged. Even today many refuse to believe it. Had the Neanderthals survived, would we still imagine ourselves to be a creature apart?"
Every person should read this book to have a wider knowledge on our history as a species and to bring into perspective the fast pace of the 21st century and the impact we've had on our planet. If we simply forget the past, we risk making the same mistakes - and the future is ours to create.
"I would recommend Sapiens to anyone who's interested in the history and future of our species" - Bill Gates
Well, in these modern times, I think you should be worried about where we're heading as a species.
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